Archive: Glossary Entries


In the metaverse, users are fully immersed in the virtual world with the help of technologies such as AR or VR.


The term software describes programmes that run on hardware devices. Software combines three essential concepts that are all data-based: calculation, communication, and storage.

Social media

In a distinction from classical mass media, social media dissolves the sender-receiver principle, enabling non-linear communication as well as networking.

Virtual reality

Virtual Reality is the computer-generated simulation of a three-dimensional image or environment users can interact with in real-time.

Sharing economy

Sharing economy is an umbrella term for an emerging form of economy in which tangible and intangible resources are shared using digital platforms.


The definition of the term robot goes beyond a strictly technical understanding. Instead, robots are rather perceived as autonomous, socio-technical machines.

Quantum computing

The theory of quantum computing states that the use of quantum mechanical computation leads to a lower runtime complexity for some problems that would not be possible using a conventional computer.

Platform economy

Internet search engines such as Google Search are well-known examples of digital platforms. These platforms act as matchmakers between different market actors, e. g. connecting internet users with website operators and advertisers.

Open data

Open data refers to freely accessible, usable, modifiable and shareable data that anyone can use for any purpose. The term is usually used for public sector information.


The term nudging refers to the instrumentalisation of small changes in the structure of a decision-making process (so-called nudges) that lead to individuals changing their decisions in a predictable way.